Como conseguir bolsa de estudos nos EUA?

Você já se perguntou como conseguir bolsa de estudos nos EUA? A fase do vestibular é um momento decisivo na vida de muitos jovens e é comum que surjam dúvidas como essa. Se você tem interesse em saber mais sobre o processo seletivo em universidades norte-americanas, mas não sabe nem por onde começar, está no lugar certo.

O vestibular nos EUA é muito diferente do que acontece no Brasil e é preciso se cercar de informações antes mesmo de iniciar o processo. Pensando nisso, preparamos este texto em que explicamos como acontecem as candidaturas, quais as possibilidades de bolsas e o que fazer para aumentar suas chances de aprovação. Continue com a gente e confira!

Como funciona o processo seletivo em uma universidade americana?

O vestibular como conhecemos não existe nos Estados Unidos. Por lá, o ingresso em uma universidade não depende apenas do resultado de uma única prova. São diversos os fatores que podem ser avaliados em uma candidatura, entre eles:

  • histórico escolar dos quatro últimos anos do colégio;
  • personal statement ou essays, as redações;
  • nota no SAT ou ACT;
  • atividades extracurriculares;
  • cartas de recomendação.

Além dessas exigências, os brasileiros que desejam aplicar a uma vaga também devem comprovar a fluência em inglês. Comumente, isso é feito por meio de testes de proficiência como TOEFL ou IELTS. Cada universidade determina a pontuação mínima aceita para que o aluno seja considerado aprovado no idioma.

Como o processo é particular de cada universidade, é preciso acompanhar os prazos da candidatura junto à própria organização. Mas lembre-se de que todas as outras exigências também devem ser cumpridas dentro desse cronograma. O SAT é oferecido apenas seis vezes por ano no Brasil, em organizações habilitadas; o TOEFL, por sua vez, chega a ser realizado duas ou três vezes por mês em cidades como São Paulo.

Como descobrir qual a universidade ideal para você?

O processo seletivo para entrar em uma universidade americana exige uma dose de autoconhecimento por parte do aluno, principalmente na hora de escrever a redação. Nela, é preciso explicar por que você deseja ingressar naquela instituição, o que você já fez de atividades, cursos e disciplinas que se relacionem com o bacharelado pretendido.

Além disso, é comum que as universidades tenham diferentes etapas ou exigências em seus processos seletivos. O Common App é um sistema de candidaturas online e integrado, mas nem todas as instituições aceitam inscrições por lá; enquanto algumas exigem apenas cartas de recomendação de professores, outras pedem também a de coordenadores.

Assim, é importante dedicar um tempo à pesquisa não só da melhor instituição, mas da melhor universidade para o que você quer e ficar completamente por dentro do que é exigido durante a seleção. Isso ajuda a encontrar aquela com a qual você realmente se identifica, o que aumenta suas chances de aprovação.

Quais as taxas envolvidas?

Em média, você deve gastar cerca de R$ 4.000,00 apenas para pleitear uma vaga em uma universidade americana — se você deseja se inscrever em mais de uma, certamente esse valor aumenta. Muitos candidatos optam por contratar uma consultoria especializada nesse momento, para garantir melhores chances de aprovação e o consequente aproveitamento desse investimento.

Com relação ao tuition, as taxas cobradas pelas universidades depois da aprovação, os valores variam bastante de acordo com o tipo de instituição. Nos EUA, elas podem ser técnicas, comunitárias, públicas ou particulares. Diferentemente do que acontece no Brasil, todas são pagas. Os valores costumam variar entre US$ 15.000 e US$ 30.000 por ano, sendo as particulares mais caras e as comunitárias as mais em conta.

Em Harvard, por exemplo, o valor anual ultrapassa US$ 47.000, sem incluir a hospedagem nos dormitórios ou os livros utilizados em sala de aula. O valor é realmente elevado. Porém, assim como diversas outras instituições, a universidade mais famosa do mundo oferece auxílio a seus alunos, além de uma seleção need-blind — o que significa que os recursos financeiros familiares não são considerados durante o processo seletivo.

Quais as principais bolsas disponíveis?

Se você quer saber como conseguir bolsa de estudos nos EUA, deve ter em mente que a maioria das universidades tem programas de auxílio financeiro parcial ou integral.

Os três tipos de bolsas mais comumente oferecidos pelas universidades são:

  • mérito acadêmico: oferecida aos alunos que se destacam academicamente e estão acima da média da turma.
  • necessidade financeira: oferecida a quem se destaca academicamente, mas que não tem condições de arcar com todos os custos da universidade em questão.
  • talentos específicos: oferecida para aluno que desejam fazer cursos relacionados à Artes e que se destacam em seu segmento.

Tenha em mente que a aprovação na universidade e a obtenção de bolsas de estudo são processos completamente separados e ambos devem ser feitos de maneira estratégica.

Como aumentar as chances de aprovação?

Como falamos, muitos estudantes optam por contar com o auxílio profissional na hora de se inscrever em uma universidades nos Estados Unidos. A candidatura envolve diferentes processos (SAT, TOEFL etc.), especialmente quando também é preciso solicitar, ainda, o auxílio financeiro.

Esse tipo de apoio pode ser decisivo em questões mais burocráticas e, além disso, profissionais experientes podem ajudar também na hora da escolha da universidade mais adequada. Geralmente, a universidade determina o perfil de aluno que procura e o ideal é usar essas informações de maneira estratégica na candidatura.

O mesmo acontece na busca pelo financial-aid. Como falamos, algumas modalidades de bolsa exigem a comprovação de renda familiar e esses profissionais também podem se responsabilizar por esses trâmites.

Está mais tranquilo agora que você já sabe como conseguir bolsa de estudos nos EUA? Como vimos, esse não é um processo impossível, mas que envolve muita pesquisa, atenção e cumprimento de outras etapas anteriores. A criação de um cronograma com datas e prazos pode ser interessante para que você se organize nesse momento tão decisivo.

Gostou deste texto? Para continuar recebendo outras dicas como estas, assine a nossa newsletter agora mesmo e receba nossos próximos textos diretamente em seu e-mail.

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